The traditional model calls for one clinical instructor to eight students. A newer model of clinical nursing education—the dedicated education unit DEU —helps overcome these drawbacks. It has been adopted in New Zealand and is gaining popularity in the United States. In the DEU model, academic institutions and healthcare organizations join as partners to offer nursing students a unique clinical experience. The basic tenets are peer teaching, collaboration between educators and clinical service providers to enhance student learning, and improved clinical experiences.
The goals of the DEU model are to:. Experienced nurses volunteer as preceptors for student nurses throughout their clinical rotation. In practice, the DEU model varies somewhat, but it always involves close collaboration between academic and clinical organizations. Ideally, all further clinicals not just the senior-year capstone project use the DEU model.
Students may complete all of their clinicals at one facility as hospitals prefer , but some may choose not to. Students go on their clinical rotations as a group; each student pairs with his or her preceptor. Although a clinical instructor is available on site, students work directly with their preceptors throughout the semester.
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For example, they assess patients, provide care, and administer medications with their preceptors, not their instructors. The DEU model must be planned carefully, starting with a clear description of the roles and responsibilities of clinical faculty, clinical preceptors, nurse managers, and students. A clinical faculty member facilitates the experience. Current research findings on the DEU model are favorable.
Students and preceptors report increased satisfaction levels, including student satisfaction with preceptors and clinical faculty. Students also feel more welcomed by the staff, which enhances their engagement. Such studies support continued DEU development and implementation, along with research on this model. To help nurses, educators, and administrators learn about the DEU model, this article describes a DEU model that has been implemented in two organizations in New York state. The authors of this article developed pilot programs for both organizations. In Organization A, the DEU originally was piloted with junior-level medical-surgical baccalaureate students in and with senior-level students in Initially, students were paired with one clinical preceptor.
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Preceptors were chosen by the nurse manager based on their interest, preceptor workshop completion, and commitment for the semester. To prepare them for their role, preceptors were offered a workshop on the following topics:. Although the clinical faculty member is responsible for formative and summative evaluations, ongoing collaboration between the clinical faculty member and clinical preceptor must occur.
When the DEU model was implemented at the senior level, two students were assigned to one clinical preceptor. Also, faculty members hold formal meetings and give presentations to the nursing staff on topics of their choice. Our initial findings yielded several interesting outcomes for both students and preceptors: a realistic view of what nursing is really like, enjoyment of a one-to-one relationship between the preceptor and student, and growth and learning. Preceptors reported that working with students in this manner sharpened their clinical skills.
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They found themselves returning to the literature to explain the rationale for procedures, nursing interventions, and collaborative care. Students reported the DEU model helped them integrate theoretical knowledge with clinical practice and offered greater immersion in the professional nursing role than the traditional model did. Overall, students voiced increased satisfaction with the DEU model and strongly recommended its continuation. Faculty reported students showed greater engagement with patients.
Instead of having to wait for faculty to become available, students could participate with their preceptors in administering nursing care, changing dressings, and giving medications. The dean at the academic institution involved in these DEU pilot programs fully supports the DEU model and asserts that the groundwork for the DEU must be laid at the administration level. When visiting units, she noted students were fully engaged in patient care.
At Organization B, the nurse manager observed that the DEU model created a positive work and learning environment for staff and students. Students became engaged in a faster-paced, stimulating learning environment that allowed staff to impart their knowledge and experience. See Lessons learned. Initial evaluation of the DEU model has been positive. Further development and research are needed to ensure best practices and positive student outcomes. We strongly recommend expanding this program so all nursing students can have at least one DEU experience.
As an added benefit, the DEU model helps recruit new graduates. Organization B has hired six former DEU students, who already are acclimated to the hospital. We believe implementing a DEU can benefit all nursing education programs and healthcare service organizations. Implementation of a Dedicated Education Unit for baccalaureate students: process and evaluation. Care planning: managing care planning as a continuum of care and support from self management through to advance care planning, utilising clinical decision making, involving a variety of professionals across all care settings to identify personal values, goals, needs and informed choices.
Culturally sensitive care: consideration of the impact of cultural values and beliefs of individuals upon care Competences D1 1. On completion of this module students should be able to Apply person and family centred care and proactive approaches in complex situations across the patient journey e. Critically review care planning from self management through to advance care planning, 3. Discuss the importance of clinical decision making to personal values, goals, needs and informed choices4. Demonstrate effective communication in complex situations between individuals, families and health and social care professionals5.
Analyse relevant theoretical perspectives in relation to managing the quality of the patient experience6. Analyse and apply frameworks that foster the provision of culturally sensitive care7. Critically review strategies to assess vulnerability from a person-centred, multi-disciplinary perspective. The module will be delivered either online via GCULearn or face-to-face. Students may elect to study the module either online or face-to-face, but may not transfer between the two.
Students will also be encouraged to develop attributes associated with independent learning involving study and enquiry, utilising IT and the virtual learning environment. Lecturers, service partners, users, carers and students will contribute to the authenticity of the teaching and learning experience. Arnold, E. Griffith, R. Patient Assessment and Care Planning in Practice. Learning Matters.
Exeter Howard, P; Whittaker, B. Edinburgh Jamison, J. Elservier, Edinburgh. Roe, B; Beech, R. Intermediate and Continuing Care: Policy and Practice. Wiley Blackwell.